All You Need To Know About SA 516 GR.60 Plate

All You Need To Know About SA 516 GR.60 Plate

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SA 516 GR.60 Plate is a carbon steel plate specifically designed for pressure vessel applications. It belongs to the ASTM A516/A516M standard, which covers carbon steel plates intended primarily for service in welded pressure vessels where improved notch toughness is important. SA 516 GR.60 Plate offers excellent tensile strength and yield strength properties, making it suitable for withstanding high-pressure environments without undergoing deformation or failure.

It is commonly used in oil and gas, power generation, chemical processing, and petrochemicals to fabricate boilers, storage tanks, pressure vessels, and heat exchangers. With its reliable performance, weldability, and compliance with manufacturing standards, SA 516 GR.60 Plate is preferred for critical applications requiring high-performance materials capable of withstanding demanding operating conditions.


SA 516 GR.60 plate primarily comprises carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, and trace amounts of other alloying elements. The composition is carefully controlled to achieve the desired mechanical properties and performance characteristics.

Carbon (C): Carbon is the primary alloying element in SA 516 GR.60 plate, contributing to its strength and hardness. The carbon content typically ranges between 0.24% and 0.31%, although variations may occur based on specific manufacturing requirements.

Manganese (Mn): Manganese is added to enhance the strength and toughness of steel and aid in the deoxidation process during steel production. The manganese content in SA 516 GR.60 plate usually falls within the 0.79% to 1.3% range.

Phosphorus (P) and Sulfur (S): Phosphorus and sulfur are impurities that need to be controlled to ensure the steel’s desired mechanical properties and weldability. Typically, the maximum allowable content for phosphorus is 0.035%, and sulfur’s is 0.035%.

Silicon (Si): Silicon is added to deoxidize the steel and improve its strength and toughness. The silicon content in SA 516 GR.60 plate is typically maintained below 0.15%.


SA 516 GR.60 plate exhibits a combination of mechanical, thermal, and chemical properties that make it suitable for pressure vessel applications.

Tensile Strength: SA 516 GR.60 plate possesses excellent tensile strength properties, allowing it to withstand high-pressure environments without undergoing deformation or failure. The minimum tensile strength of SA 516 GR.60 plate is typically around 60,000 psi (415 MPa).

Yield Strength: Yield strength refers to the stress at which a material begins to deform plastically. SA 516 GR.60 plate typically has a minimum yield strength of 32,000 psi (220 MPa).

Elongation: Elongation measures a material’s ability to stretch without breaking. SA 516 GR.60 plate usually exhibits a minimum elongation of 21% in 2 inches.

Impact Toughness: Impact toughness is crucial for withstanding sudden loading or impact events. SA 516 GR.60 plate demonstrates good impact toughness properties, ensuring reliability in demanding service conditions.

Weldability: Weldability is essential for pressure vessel materials as components often require welding during fabrication. SA 516 GR.60 plate is readily weldable using common welding techniques such as arc welding, gas welding, and resistance welding. However, proper preheating and post-weld heat treatment procedures are necessary to minimize the risk of welding-induced defects and maintain the desired mechanical properties.

Corrosion Resistance: While SA 516 GR.60 plate is not inherently corrosion-resistant like stainless steel, it offers adequate resistance to atmospheric corrosion and certain corrosive environments encountered in industrial settings. Proper surface protection measures such as painting or coating may further enhance its corrosion resistance.


SA 516 GR.60 plate finds extensive applications across various industries requiring pressure vessels. Some common applications include:

Boilers: SA 516 GR.60 plate is widely used to fabricate boilers for power generation, heating, and other industrial processes. Its excellent mechanical properties and weldability make it suitable for withstanding high temperatures and pressures in boiler operations.

Storage Tanks: SA 516 GR.60 plate is employed to construct storage tanks for storing liquids or gases such as water, oil, chemicals, and liquefied gases. Its durability, corrosion resistance, and reliability make it ideal for safe storage and transportation of hazardous substances.

Pressure Vessels: SA 516 GR.60 plate fabricates pressure vessels used in various industries, including oil and gas, petrochemicals, chemical processing, and food and beverage. These pressure vessels are designed to contain fluids or gases under high pressure and temperature conditions, and the SA 516 GR.60 plate provides the strength and integrity required for such applications.

Heat Exchangers: SA 516 GR.60 plates are also used to manufacture heat exchangers, essential components in thermal power plants, chemical processing plants, and HVAC systems. Its thermal conductivity and corrosion resistance make it suitable for transferring heat between two fluids while maintaining the desired operating temperatures.

Manufacturing Standards:

SA 516 GR.60 plate is manufactured by various international standards and specifications, including:

ASTM A516/A516M: This standard covers carbon steel plates intended primarily for service in welded pressure vessels where improved notch toughness is important.

ASME SA516/SA516M: This specification for pressure vessel plates, carbon steel, for moderate- and lower-temperature service, is widely used in the design and construction of pressure vessels.

In conclusion, the SA 516 GR.60 plate is a versatile and reliable material suitable for various pressure vessel applications across various industries. Its excellent mechanical properties, weldability, corrosion resistance, and compliance with manufacturing standards make it a preferred choice for engineers and designers seeking high-performance materials for critical applications. Understanding its composition, properties, applications, and manufacturing standards is essential for successfully utilizing SA 516 GR.60 plate in diverse engineering projects.

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